Tuesday, September 16, 2014
Text Size

Residential school survivors have respiratory damage, hearing loss, broken bones

By: Chinta Puxley, The Canadian Press

WINNIPEG - The vast majority of claims filed by Indian residential school survivors seeking extra compensation for medical injuries are for hearing loss, respiratory illnesses and broken bones.

The Indian Residential Schools Adjudication Secretariat — an independent body which helps resolve long-standing claims that address specific abuse of survivors — says just over 1,000 medical assessments completed so far focus primarily on ear, nose and throat ailments, as well as broken bones.

A request for proposals put out by the secretariat says 60 per cent of the assessments involve the ears, nose and throat, while 21 per cent involve orthopedics. Secretariat spokesman Michael Tansey confirmed the figures, but said no one could comment further on the nature of the claims.

Marie Wilson, commissioner for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, said lasting injuries are not surprising, given the way residential school students were treated.

"We have had many, many people talk to us about the physicality of the punishment which often was a cuff on the ear or being pulled by the ear or being dragged across the room by the ear," she said in an interview.

"People talked to us about hearing loss that came with being whacked at the side of the head. That seemed to have been something that happened on a very common basis at some of the institutions," she said.

"There were a number of accounts of children being very severely physically treated including sometimes being thrown downstairs or shoved downstairs."

About 150,000 First Nations, Inuit and Metis children were taken from their families and forced to attend the government schools over much of the last century to "take the Indian out of the child." The last school closed outside Regina in 1996.

The federal government formalized a $1.9-billion compensation package for former residential school students that offers a base payment. Those who experienced sexual or physical abuse can pursue additional compensation through the independent secretariat.

Unlike testimony given to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, secretariat hearings are strictly confidential. An Ontario judge is mulling over whether that private testimony should be destroyed once a claim is paid out.

Many of the former students who testified before the commission talked about being exposed to the elements without proper clothing, which could explain some of the injuries, Wilson said. Some students had extreme frostbite, inflamed ears and bleeding from the ears as a result of their exposure, she said.

"Many children talked to us about being extremely cold, being under-dressed, trying to get back into the school, the doors being locked and not being allowed back in until the designated recess or lunch time was over."

Broken bones or even lost limbs were not unusual, Wilson added. Children often spent half their day in forced manual labour to contribute to the school's operation, she said. They were involved in activities with dangerous equipment such as baking, laundry and farming activities.

One particular machine used to make bread was known as "the mangler," Wilson said.

"It was very much like we see about, hear about, read about in the context of prison environments, where the inmates are involved to keep the facility going. So, too, it was for the schools."

Because Canada has taken so long to address this part of its history, survivors with a claim are aging. There's now a debate over whether their medical condition is the result of a childhood injury received at a residential school or just part of aging, Wilson said.

"There's a need now to ... differentiate between those so that the calculations are fair and honest and people are given fair credit for the things they have been carrying around with them for all these decades."

The secretariat estimates up to 700 more medical assessments need to be done over the next two years — 80 per cent of them in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

Whatever Trevor

Dis is Trevor.

Education & Training

Blast from the past: FP archive

When is Consultation, Consultation?

Ovide Mercredi

National Chief – AFN

During a Treaty Roundtable meeting of the Alberta Chiefs, I took note of a federal government document outlining their strategy to define and ultimately impose their own form of self-government. Read more...

Letting go of residential schools

by Gilbert Oskaboose, Nov 1993 First Perspective

There is a lot of "unfinished business" in Indian Country. Garbage that we as a people have never really dealt with. Chief among them is the whole issue of those infamous residential schools and their impact on people. Read more...


obidiah picture

ANALYSIS - Bill Gallagher

gallagher picture

Under the Northern Sky by Xavier Kataquapit

Under the Northern Sky by Xavier Kataquapit


First Nations Cultural Interpreter PM – 02 Riding Mountain National Park Seasonal Indeterminate

(May to October) From $54,543 to $58,764

Closing Sept. 19, 2014

Read More

Regional Media Officer– Temp (Until Nov 2015) –F/T Position

Office of the Leader of the Official Opposition / NDP Research Office

Location:131 Queen Street, Suite 10-02, Ottawa, ON


Communicate regularly with regional media outlets (community newspapers, radio stations, student media, ethnic media, etc.) to propose ideas for interviews and opinion content Read more...

Canadian Chamber of Commerce Aboriginal Workforce Report

The Canadian Chamber of Commerce released a report that highlights initiatives to improve the workforce participation of Aboriginal peoples. 

Opportunity Found: Improving the Participation of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada’s Workforce (December 2013)  

click image to download report

Tue Sep 23 @ 3:00PM - 04:15PM
FNHMA National Conference 2014
Sun Oct 05 @ 9:00AM - 05:00PM
INIHKD & Manitoba NEAHR Conference 2014


September 2014
31 1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 1 2 3 4

Current Video

RIP Percy Tuesday


Thanks to Althea Guiboche for allowing The First Perspective to share her video taken at the Manitowapow book launch at McNally Robinson. 

Percey sings Freddy Fender's "Wasted Days and Wasted Nights" and people join in to harmonize. 

Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO): The Washington Redskins